Provide a big enough house for your ducks.,
Heat your duck’s environment.,
Use proper lighting.,
Protect the ducks from the ground.,
Find duck feed with proper amounts of protein.,
Provide greens for your ducks.,
Provide high-fat, high-calorie treats before bedtime.,
Make sure your ducks have access to fresh water.,
Make sure to protect ducks from the wind.,
Ventilate your ducks’ shelter properly.,
Allow your ducks to bathe on sunny days.
Ducks benefit from outdoor housing. In the winter especially, work on having a warm outdoor shelter for your ducks. Your ducks will need a small wooden shed or shelter. Make sure the shelter you install is big enough for all your ducks to live comfortably.As a general rule, opt for two square feet per duck. For example, if you are housing four ducks, your house should be eight square feet.
Make sure your house has walls and a ceiling. In the winter, ducks need more than just a pen for health and safety.;
, In general, ducks are pretty good at regulating their body heat in the cold. However, your ducks will be more comfortable if you opt for heating in the shelter. This is particularly important if you’re housing ducklings over the winter.Use heated lamps, kept out of your duck’s reach, in order to heat your shelter. Do not use anything that goes on the floor, like a space heater. Such items are a fire hazard.
If you have ducklings over the winter, use a 250 watt lamp for your duck house.
, If you’re concerned about egg production, lighting is key. If you’re trying to breed your ducks, or are using them for eggs, artificial light is necessary in the winter.Use artificial lighting for half an hour at the beginning and end of each day. Turn your artificial lights on half an hour before the sun rises, and then half an hour after it sets.
If you don’t need your ducks to produce eggs, artificial lighting is not as important during the winter.
, The ground will get cold and snowy in the winter. Lay a thick layer of straw or hay down on the floor your duck’s pen. This will prevent their feet from becoming cold.You can also lay wooden boards down in the pen to keep the ducks warm.
, You will need to feed your ducks the proper diet throughout the year. In the winter especially, however, ducks need nutrients to thrive despite the cold. You can purchase duck feed at a local pet store or online.Protein is vital to a duck’s health. Check the protein percentages on the duck food you choose. The protein content should be between 16 and 18%.
, Ducks generally eat bugs in the ground to supplement their diet. They may also eat grass and other plants. As bugs and grass may be more difficult to find in the winter, give your ducks extra treats like fruits, vegetables, corn, and greens.Good greens for ducks include things like kale, cabbage, and chard.
, The temperature will become very cold overnight. Digestion can help ducks stay warm. High-fat, high-calorie treats will take more effort to digest, warming up a duck during nighttime.Peanuts and corn are good options here. Peanuts are a lot more healthy than corn, so opt for peanuts when possible.
, You should keep a bowl of fresh water out for your ducks at all times. During the winter, keep the water inside the heated shelter so it does not freeze.Check the water each time you check on your ducks. If the water has frozen, or if it has become dirty, replace it right away.
, Ducks tolerate cold very well, but tend to dislike wind. Make sure your ducks have some protection from the wind over the winter. This is important to their health and overall well-being.Hang a tarp up in one corner of your duck’s pen. If it gets windy, your ducks can shield themselves behind the tarp.
You can also purchase a small outdoor wind shelter for your ducks.
, When they breathe, ducks tend to emit a lot of moisture. This can cause health conditions, such as frostbite, in the winter. A duck shelter should never be completely closed off from outside air. Keep some air vents in the shelter. You can use mesh material on some parts of the shelter, or install small windows.In order to protect your ducks from the cold and from predators, vents should always be up high. Do not install any air vents on ground level.
, Ducks enjoy swimming, even in the winter. While most ducks can tolerate water at cold temperatures, it’s best to err on the side of caution. Wait until a sunnier, warmer day arrives to set out a pool for your ducks. Use a deep, wide pool on warmer days to allow your ducks to swim and bathe.